Twenty-one percent of Earth’s oxygen comes from the Amazon rainforest, making it the most important tropical rainforest. The Amazon is house to the greatest concentration of species on Earth and the largest river in the world. What do you think, Amazon is an Evergreen Forest or Deciduous Forest?
Amazon is an evergreen forest because itsworld’s largest tropical rainforest, acts as a giant air filter, continually removing carbon dioxide and producing oxygen. Despite just covering 6% of Earth’s surface, the Amazon rainforest is so vast that it accounts for more than 50% of its remaining rainforests. It has a capacity equivalent to 17 UKs and 17 Irelands.
Where Is The Amazon Jungle Located?
The astonishing 5.5 million square kilometers of the Amazon rainforest are found in South America.
Amazing Facts about “The Lungs of the Planet”
Some of the facts about the Amazon Rainforest are explained below.
1. Diverse Species
The Amazon is household to one out of every six bird and fish species. It protects 10% of the known biodiversity in the world. Around 40,000 plant species, 1,300 bird species, 2,200 fish species, 427 distinct types of mammals, 430 amphibian species, 380 reptile species, and an astounding 2.5 million different insect species may be found in the Amazon’s incredibly diverse environment.
The Amazon jungle is home to several strange and dangerous species. Some of these species, including flesh-eating piranhas, pink dolphins, green anacondas, poison dart frogs, bullet ants, and electric eels, may astound you with their prowess.Although the Amazon rainforest boasts the most incredible diversity of forest species, the terrain is unsuited for sustained cultivation since it contains relatively little mineral content
2. Amerindian Tribes
In the Amazon jungle, there are 400–500 native Amerindian tribes. About 50 are native to their language and culture and have never interacted with anyone outside their group. They are roving hunters and gatherers that are always on the go.
3. Effect of Deforestation
Because of deforestation and cattle ranching, which have destroyed significant portions of the Amazon jungle, around 138 species of plants, animals, and insects become extinct daily.
In recent years, Amazon has shrunk by 20% due to deforestation on the Trans-Amazonian Highway. 1.5 acres of vegetation are destroyed every second due to the continuous clearing of agricultural and animal grazing land. If no effort is made to address the issue, experts estimate that the rainforest might be entirely gone in about 40 years.
4. Nile, Amazon River
The second extensive river in the world after the Nile is the Amazon River, which flows through the Amazon jungle. The Amazon River has 17 tributaries that discharge 55 million gallons of water into the Atlantic Ocean every second and is made up of hundreds of streams that span a distance of 6,840 km. By water volume, it is also the biggest in the world.
5. World’s Densest Forest
The time it takes for the rain to reach the forest bottom in the Amazon is around ten minutes. This is because of how dense the forest keeps the ground continuously black. Only 1% of the sun’s energy reaches the forest floor, leaving it entirely black.
6. Influence of Desert Sahara
The Sahara Desert significantly influences the Amazon rainforest by delivering phosphorus, which is necessary for fertilization. Over the Atlantic Ocean, wind transports phosphorus-rich dust from the Sahara, which supports the growth of the rainforest.
7. Amazonian Food Is Eaten Globally
80% of the many types of food we consume worldwide have their origins in the Amazon jungle. More than 3000 varieties of fruit cultivated in the Amazon may be eaten. These include pineapples, grapefruits, oranges, lemons, avocados, coconuts, and avocados.
8. Amazon Serves as “Carbon Sink.”
The Amazon rainforest is a carbon sink because it takes in and stores carbon dioxide. As a result, it plays a significant role in maintaining global carbon levels.
9. Fire Incident in 2019
In August 2019, an Amazon rainforest fire that had been burning for more than 20 days caused devastation in the area. This year, the number of active wildfires in the Amazon has reached a record high, with 72,843 flames already identified by Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research (INPE).
10. Western Medicine Uses Amazon Ingredients
Ingredients from the Amazon rainforest are used in one-fourth of all western medicine. The Amazon provides 70% of the effective plants against cancer cells.
11. Drought in Amazon
The Amazon had a severe drought from 2005 to 2010 due to extremely little rainfall. Deadwood produced greenhouse gases, and the Rio Negro Tributary of the Amazon rainforest reached its lowest level ever. Forest fires have become more frequent as a result of this.
12. Increase in Temperature
With just a three-degree increase in temperature, 75% of the Amazon rainforest may be gone, wreaking devastation on the region. According to experts, the current increase in global temperatures might cause the rainforest to disappear in as little as 100 years. Even while it is not immediately evident, the effects of global warming will gradually become noticeable to us.