Home Health A Step-By-Step Look at the IVF Process

A Step-By-Step Look at the IVF Process


In assisted reproductive technology, In vitro fertilization (IVF) is considered one of the most effective types that have helped couples struggling with infertility. When you are set to begin the IVF journey, the road ahead can seem uncertain and overwhelming. As each couple is unique, it becomes impossible to predict how the IVF cycle goes.

In order to understand what you might be experiencing in the whole process of IVF treatment, it is important to have a good grasp of the process. The step-by-step procedure given here will help you understand how the IVF process actually works:  

What is IVF fertilization?

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is one method for assisting those with reproductive issues to become pregnant. In IVF, a woman’s ovaries are removed, and an egg is fertilized with sperm in a lab. Returning the fertilized egg, also known as an embryo, to the woman’s womb allows it to continue to grow and develop. It can be done with donor eggs and sperm, as well as your own eggs and your partner’s sperm.

Initial scan

An advanced ultrasound scan is the first thing that needs to be done in the IVF process. This scan is crucial and plays a major role in determining the course of treatment. It is used in counting the tiny developing follicles known as antral follicles, which are visualized during ovarian imaging.

Additionally, they use Doppler imaging, which measures blood flow in the ovaries and assesses fertility. The evaluation is carried out to comprehend the qualitative aspects of the woman’s fertility. It includes not only the number of eggs but also their quality and how receptive the uterine lining will be to receiving an embryo.

Ovarian stimulation

To encourage the formation of egg-containing follicles, this stage involves stimulating the ovaries to promote growth. The procedure lasts for nine to fourteen days and involves daily FSH injections.

To encourage the development of numerous follicles, the FSH dose utilized is somewhat more than what a woman usually produces. Regular blood tests and ultrasounds are used to check on the ovary’s reaction.

Most women learn how to inject themselves, or they may get aid from their partner, which lessens the need to visit the doctor.

Trigger injection

When ultrasounds reveal that the follicles are of sufficient size and quantity, the ovarian stimulation phase is complete. The GnRH agonist/antagonist (pituitary suppressant) and FSH injections are then stopped. Your fertility coordinator will provide administration instructions after the verification of your treatment time.

In order to aid the egg’s final maturation and help it separate from the follicular wall, human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) is injected. The second morning following the last injection, the eggs are retrieved (34-36 hours later). It’s important to precisely record the timing of your trigger injections with your instructions.

Egg collection

Before the eggs are harvested, a woman must not take food beginning at midnight. They will receive a little sedative, which makes the egg harvesting process less uncomfortable. A needle is used to retrieve eggs while being guided by ultrasound.

You will wake up and recover right away following the treatment. You can usually leave an hour after the process is over.


The eggs are combined with your partner’s sperm after being harvested in order for fertilization to take place. If your partner’s sperm has an issue, such as a low count or low motility, the fertility center may occasionally employ a technique called ICSI. This method involves injecting a typical motile sperm into the cytoplasm of the egg to improve the likelihood of fertilization.

The eggs are then checked to see if they are fertilized. If fertilization has occurred, the couple will be informed the next day. The embryo is then given two to five days to mature.

Transfer the embryos to the uterus

Once the eggs have been collected, you will receive the next medicine. This medicine is meant to prepare the lining of the uterus to receive the embryos, which will be transferred back to you. Three to five days after fertilization, the doctor will place the embryo inside your uterus using the catheter.

This process will be done when you are awake. Multiple embryos are transferred back to you, hoping at least one will implant itself into the uterus and begins to develop. Sometimes more than a single embryo ends up implanting, and it is the reason why multiples are common for women who use IVF.

Luteal Phase  

This phase is a two-week period between embryo transfer and a pregnancy test. It is important that you maintain good health and look at yourself carefully during this time. You will be encouraged not to do any hard activity for 24 hours after the transfer.

The medicine you take after the egg retrieval may cause nausea, tiredness, cramping, and bloating. If you experience any discomfort, you can take an analgesic. Vaginal bleeding or spotting can happen before the pregnancy, but this does not mean that the treatment was unsuccessful. You should continue the treatment medicines until the full period begins.

Pregnancy test

Your pregnancy blood test can be done about 14 days after the transfer of the embryo. The health professional will give you the result and advise you on the next step in the process. You should recognize that the time of embryo transfer and the pregnancy test will be emotionally charged. You can get help from the fertility center if you can’t cope with the stress associated with it.

IVF treatment in Turkey

Turkey is growing in popularity as one of the best destinations for IVF treatment abroad. There are approximately 140 IVF clinics which makes Turkey an attractive destination for fertility treatment. The low-cost quality treatment and the beautiful scenery is an added advantage. The laws in turkey do not allow sperm, egg, or embryo donation. Only IVF treatment using own sperm and eggs is allowed.

The cost of treatment in the best IVF clinic in Turkey is only half of that of most western countries and also the success rate is part with any medically developed nation.

Bottom Line

The IVF process basically replicates the natural process of pregnancy. By reading the above-mentioned process of IVF, you may have got some ideas. Talk with your doctor about the factors that apply to you and also how they may affect your chances of pregnancy. 


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