Home Beauty How to Install Ceramic Wall Tiles

How to Install Ceramic Wall Tiles

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Ceramic tiles are a very popular choice for flooring and walls due to their durability and properties to resist moisture and stains. This property of ceramic tiles makes them a perfect choice for bathrooms and kitchens, which has helped the ceramic tile market to develop.

Installing ceramic wall tiles is not a complicated task, however, since you are attaching a relatively heavy object to vertical surface, it is very easy to mess up the setup.

So, an important question arises, what is the difference between wall tiles and floor tiles?

When it comes to wall tiling, we have the flexibility to use both floor tiles and wall tiles which are lighter than floor tiles. But the doing the opposite is not a viable option as floor tiles need to be thick and sturdy to hold up the weight of all things moving and stationary.

Now, before explaining the installation process there are a few important things to remember.

Before the installation project begins, all the current wall dressings and items need to be removed and a proper underlayer must be applied according to the need. The most common type of underlayer would be plasterboards. Due to the rising demand of tiles in developing countries the plasterboard market has been growing significantly.

While installing tiles in bathrooms or showers, the underlayer should be fully waterproof. There are several methods to achieve this, you can use a layer of sheet plastic, apply waterproofing membrane, or use a cement-board with in-built waterproofing membrane.

Installation Process

  • The first process to complete is to measure the area that would be tiled and pad the tiling area as the tiling process can leave waste and cause breakage. And then gather all the materials and tools required for the installation process. The materials and tools required include adhesives, notched trowel,tapes, measuring tape, grout, ceramic tiles, rubber mallet, tile nippers, and small screwdriver, among other tools.
  • Next step is to plan the layout to ensure that there is no need to add thin slices of tiles added in the sides. A regular string and chalk can be used to make the markings. Check the markings with a sample tile to ensure there are not too many thin slices in the layout.
  • Checking the layout and tile size is an important step. This step can be repeated until get the result of your choice. Try dry fitting to finalise the desired pattern and cut the tiles with diamond wet saw.
  • Once the layout design has been decided, we can begin the application of adhesive on the wall. Spread the adhesive with the flat side of the trowel and cover only so much of the wall so that it can be completed in time. Doing it all at once can create errors.
  • Now we can start laying the first layer of tiles and a batten (a piece of 1×4 lumber) can be installed to keep the row of tile straight. Press the tiles firmly into the adhesive so that all the empty spaces are filled properly.

Keep attaching the tiles until the first row is complete and check if the level is even with a carpenter’s level, then begin the second row, and repeat.

  • After covering all the sections of the wall, set the tiles in the adhesive with a rubber mallet and wood block to tap the tiles lightly. Repeat this process until you cover all the sections of the wall.

As you reach the end of the process, scrape off the excess adhesive from the exposed areas of the wall. Check the grout lines and get rid of excess adhesive with a pointed stick or screwdriver and clean the face of tiles with a damp sponge.

  • Next, we will be filling the partial tile areas with smaller tile pieces cut by hand saw or wet saw.When fitting the smaller pieces, use a tile cutter or tile nipper to trim them so that the tile does not cover over the electrical box. Make sure to protect your eyes before starting to trim the tiles.
  • After completing the placement of the tiles, we need to choose the grout according to the gaps between the tiles. After choosing the grout, we can start mixing the grout with water and any additives needed. Do not mix the grout for too long or it will start drying.
  • Now we can start spreading the grout around the lines which will push the grout into the gaps. Then you can clean the tiles off of the excess grout, after leaving it to cure for around 20 mins. Then we need to leave the grout for around three hours for it cure properly.

Last step would be to apply grout sealer to stop moulds from growing in the gaps. This sealer will need to be reapplied every year and preferably every six months.

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